Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Vedic Insight: Speed of Light

Even though I have not verified the authenticity of this writing, the description is in itself interesting. Taken from a FB post.

Speed of light in Rigveda ::
Ancient Vedic science “Nimisharda” is a phrase used in Indian languages of Sanskrit origin while referring to something that happens/moves instantly, similar to the ‘blink of an eye’. Nimisharda means half of a Nimesa, (Ardha is half).

In Sanskrit ‘Nimisha’ means ‘blink of an eye’ and Nimisharda implies within the blink of an eye. This phrase is commonly used to refer to instantaneous events.

Below is the mathematical calculations of a research done by S S De and P V Vartak on the speed of light calculated using the Rigvedic hymns and commentaries on them.

The fourth verse of the Rigvedic hymn 1:50 (50th hymn in book 1 of rigveda) is as follows:
तरणिर्विश्वदर्शतो जयोतिष्क्र्दसि सूर्य | विश्वमा भासिरोचनम |
taraNir vishvadarshato jyotishkrdasi surya | vishvamaa bhaasirochanam ||

which means:
“Swift and all beautiful art thou, O Surya (Surya=Sun), maker of the light, Illumining all the radiant realm.”

Commenting on this verse in his Rigvedic commentary, Sayana who was a minister in the court of Bukka of the great Vijayanagar Empire of Karnataka in South India (in early 14th century) says:
" tatha ca smaryate yojananam. sahasre dve dve sate dve ca yojane ekena nimishardhena kramaman." which means “It is remembered here that Sun (light) traverses 2,202 yojanas in half a nimisha”
NOTE: Nimisharda= half of a nimisha.

In the vedas Yojana is a unit of distance and Nimisha is a unit of time.
Unit of Time: Nimesa.
The Moksha dharma parva of Shanti Parva in Mahabharata describes Nimisha as follows: 15 Nimisha = 1 Kastha.

30 Kashta = 1 Kala,
30.3 Kala = 1 Muhurta,
30 Muhurtas = 1 Diva-Ratri (Day-Night),
We know Day-Night is 24 hours So we get 24 hours = 30 x 30.3 x 30 x 15 nimisha, in other words 409050 nimisha.

We know 1 hour = 60 x 60 = 3600 seconds.
So 24 hours = 24 x 3600 seconds = 409050 nimisha.
409050 nimesa = 86,400 seconds,
1 nimesa = 0.2112 seconds (This is a recursive decimal! Wink of an eye=.2112 seconds!).
1/2 nimesa = 0.1056 seconds.

Unit of Distance:
Yojana Yojana is defined in Chapter 6 of Book 1 of the ancient vedic text “Vishnu Purana” as follows:-
10 ParamAnus = 1 Parasúkshma,
10 Parasúkshmas = 1 Trasarenu,
10 Trasarenus = 1 Mahírajas (particle of dust),
10 Mahírajas= 1 Bálágra (hair’s point),
10 Bálágra = 1 Likhsha,
10 Likhsha= 1 Yuka,
10 Yukas = 1 Yavodara (heart of barley),
10 Yavodaras = 1 Yava (barley grain of middle size),
10 Yava = 1 Angula (1.89 cm or approx 3/4 inch),
6 fingers = 1 Pada (the breadth of it),
2 Padas = 1 Vitasti (span),
2 Vitasti = 1 Hasta (cubit),
4 Hastas = a Dhanu,
1 Danda, or paurusa (a man’s height),
or 2 Nárikás = 6 feet,
2000 Dhanus = 1 Gavyuti (distance to which a cow’s call or lowing can be heard) = 12000 feet 4 Gavyutis = 1 Yojana = 9.09 miles

Calculation: So now we can calculate what is the value of the speed of light in modern units based on the value given as 2202 Yojanas in 1/2 Nimesa = 2202 x 9.09 miles per 0.1056 seconds = 20016.18 miles per 0.1056 seconds = 189547 miles per second !!

As per the modern science speed of light is 186000 miles per second ! And so I without the slightest doubt attribute the slight difference between the two values to our error in accurately translating from Vedic units to SI/CGS units. Note that we have approximated 1 Angula as exactly 3/4 inch. While the approximation is true, the Angula is not exactly 3/4 inch.
 — with Surya Kumar.

Tuesday, May 14, 2013

'Thoughts' that ought to be thought!

Some random thoughts and quotes recorded here as a journal :)
  • Think for a moment and you have Thought For the Day! 
    • Many a times we do not even have a minute to 'think', because we are not sure what is there to 'think' about. Many a times thinking happens in not thinking too much, in those moments of silence of being with the self. 
  • What do you do when nothing works? Do nothing
  • Best thing to do when feeling down is to sit up straight and bounce back into action!
    • We are 'momentum beings'. If one is feeling down and lets that feeling persist, it only gets worse. One way to break the momentum is to do the exact opposite to what seems natural, but many times the obvious is the most difficult thing to do.
  • One in the crowd is worth none on its own!
    • Most people do what is in trend (the "in thing") and thus lose their identity in their attempts to do what the society expects of them. This does not mean that one should be anti-social but we have the right and the ability to live up to what we are. This is not easy but nothing significant is achieved by being in one's comfort zone, so be prepared to stand out, be the odd ball. You could be hit around but that will give one the experience to excel. 
  • Think Strong Feel Powerful!
    • Mind and body are non-different. How we think is what we will be. 
  • Passion without Strategy is like a car without the steering .... and, life is not a straight road :)
    • I am not sure if I've heard this somewhere or this is my own statement (I feel this is my own). It is a profound thought, irrespective. 
    • Most people lack passion, and those who seem to have passion lack strategy. One may have it in him/her to pursue the inner call but the lack strategy may soon drain the passion out. So, one may have the passion but one also needs the direction and a plan to get where he/she wants to be, because life is not a simple straight highway. It has turns and twists that make it exciting. 
  • Life is like a hodgepodge puzzle with so many dots that are waiting to be connected, and the meaning to life emerges in the process.
  • 'Whatever Happens, Happens for a reason' could be a cliche but there is more meaning to it than just the words. I take a few great examples from the Indian Movie Industry:
    • Dr. Rajkumar becomes a singer by "chance", because PB Srinivas was not available. That one song adds new dimensions to the career of a legend. 
    • SRK was supposedly the Original Choice for Munnabhai roles! Now, we know, no one could have fit into that role other than Sanjay Dutt. 
    • Satrughan Sinha was the first choice for the roles played by Amitabh Bhacchan in Sholay and Zanjeer.
    • Danny Denzongpa was supposedly the original choice for Gabbhar Singh
    • Can one imagine Dr. Rajkumar not singing? Sanjay not being the Munnabhai, anyone other than AB in Zanjeer or Sholay? anyone other than Amjad Khan being Gabbhar Singh?
    • Are we not fortunate that things do not happen as they were supposed to but then the outcome is the best it could have been.
    • We never know why you meet people in your life, but I have enough evidence to believe that there is always a reason why events happen. 
      • I helped a lady find a job, purely by chance, and am now happily married to her purely by choice :)
      • I returned to India, due to an accident in Canada, only to reconnect with people that I had not even hoped to meet; now I am too glad to be associated with them, that changed the direction of my life
      • I did a workshop for some children because I had nothing else to at that time, and now that is a big part of what I am doing and what I will continue to do for the rest of my life :)
      • I stayed with a gentleman in Singapore but lost connection for years in the middle, now I am back working with him on few of the best projects in my life :)

Realizations of a Married Man (for fun only though ;) ): 

Live Wire can kill you in a moment
Live Wife may take a while
but the end result is the same.

Wile is a trick to mislead, so is a Wife.

Wife like Wine rots with time but one gets better the other gets worse...


Wide* and wife differ by a letter both are part of the game, equally out of reach.

*Wide, in cricket a delivery that cannot be played!


We didn't choose our parents, we have the best. We didn't choose our schools but we have the greatest memories. Then we chose our wives, wish we had not :D :P ;)


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